Treatment of Brainstem Glioma in India at renowned hospitals

Published: 18th February 2010
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Hospitals providing treatment of Brainstem Glioma in India offer high quality, patient-centered medical care in a warm and welcoming environment with state-of-the-art equipment superb medical expertise and cost-effective services. Surgeons providing treatment of Brainstem Glioma in India are world renowned, recognized for their excellence in their medical specialties. At high tech Cancer Surgery hospitals in India, patients have access to team of surgical specialists & a comprehensive range of imaging and laboratory services. With their expertise in handling especially difficult or complex cases, Indian surgeons continue to attract a growing number of patients from South Africa, Europe and the African continent.

What is Brainstem Glioma?

Brainstem glioma is tumor that occurs in the region of the brain referred to as the brain stem, which is the area between the aqueduct of Sylvius and the fourth ventricle. Although various systems are used to classify these tumors, the authors have divided brainstem gliomas into 3 distinct anatomic locations-diffuse intrinsic pontine, tectal and cervicomedullary. Intrinsic pontine gliomas carry a grave prognosis. Longer survival is associated with the tectal and cervicomedullary gliomas. Tumors also are characterized on the basis of site of origin, focality, direction and extent of tumor growth, degree of brainstem enlargement, degree of exophytic growth and presence or absence of cysts, necrosis, hemorrhage and hydrocephalus.

Symptoms of Brainstem Glioma

Common symptoms include, but are not necessarily limited to:

 Lack of facial control, (droopy eyelids)

 Double vision

 Headache or headache that gets better after vomiting

 Nausea and vomiting

 Weakness and fatigue

 Seizures

 Balance problems

Symptoms can develop slowly and subtly and may go unnoticed for months. In other cases, the symptoms may arise abruptly. A sudden onset of symptoms tends to occur with more rapidly growing, high-grade tumors.

Treatment options for Brainstem Glioma

The treatment of Brainstem glioma depends on the size and location of the tumor, whether the cancer has spread and the child's overall health. Three types of treatments are used to treat brain stem glioma in children: radiation therapy, chemotherapy and surgery. Sometimes, the treatments are used in combination. Descriptions of these treatment options are listed below.

Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy is the most common treatment for Brainstem glioma. Radiation therapy is the use of high-energy x-rays or other particles to kill tumor cells. A doctor who specializes in giving radiation therapy to treat a tumor is called a radiation oncologist. The most common type of radiation treatment is called external-beam radiation therapy, which is radiation given from a machine outside the body. When radiation therapy is given using implants, it is called internal radiation therapy or brachytherapy.

Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to kill cancer cells. Systemic chemotherapy is delivered through the bloodstream, targeting cancer cells throughout the body. Chemotherapy is given by a medical oncologist, a doctor who specializes in treating cancer with medication. Some people may receive chemotherapy in their doctor's office; others may go to the hospital. A chemotherapy regimen (schedule) usually consists of a specific number of cycles given over a specific time.

Surgery: Surgery is used to treat Brainstem glioma only when the tumor's appearance on an MRI scan is focal, which means that it may be possible to remove the cancer without damaging the brain, such as when a tumor grows out from the brain stem. For most children with diffuse types of brain stem glioma, surgery is not recommended or possible because of the location of the tumor and the risk involved. Learn more about cancer surgery.

Follow up care after treatment of Brainstem Glioma

Further Inpatient Care: Typically, patients are monitored for worsening signs/symptoms. Admission to the hospital may be required to enable therapeutic intervention and stabilization.

Further Outpatient Care: Follow-up neuro-imaging with MRI (unless contraindicated) is recommended within 72 hours after surgery and every 2-3 months to monitor response to therapy and progression of disease. This should be considered standard care for these patients.

Why India?

Treatment of Brainstem glioma in India is provided at hospitals that are a part of an integrated world-class healthcare facility and endeavor to go beyond the expected and deliver the most positive experience to each of patients. The success rate of cancer surgery in India is very good. This surgical treatment in India doesn't affect the quality standard of treatment. Medical tourism in India has specific programs carefully designed to attract international travelers. To get more information on treatment of Brainstem glioma in India, visit us at; or mail your queries at or you may call on +91-9371136499, +91-9860755000

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