Treatment of Multiple Myeloma in India under recognized oncologists

Published: 18th February 2010
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Hospitals providing treatment of Multiple myeloma in India offer high quality, patient-centered medical care in a warm and welcoming environment with state-of-the-art equipment superb medical expertise and cost-effective services. Surgeons providing treatment of Multiple myeloma in India are world renowned, recognized for their excellence in their medical specialties. At high tech Cancer Surgery hospitals in India, patients have access to team of surgical specialists & a comprehensive range of imaging and laboratory services. With their expertise in handling especially difficult or complex cases, Indian surgeons continue to attract a growing number of patients from South Africa, Europe and the African continent.

What is Multiple Myeloma?

Multiple myeloma is a type of cancer. Cancer is a group of many related diseases. Multiple Myeloma is a cancer that starts in plasma cells, a type of white blood cell. It's the most common type of plasma cell cancer. Myeloma, like other cancers, begins in cells. In cancer, new cells form when the body doesn't need them and old or damaged cells don't die when they should. These extra cells can form a mass of tissue called a growth or tumor. Myeloma begins when a plasma cell becomes abnormal. The abnormal cell divides to make copies of it. The new cells divide again and again, making more and more abnormal cells. These abnormal plasma cells are called myeloma cells. In time, myeloma cells collect in the bone marrow. They may damage the solid part of the bone. When myeloma cells collect in several of your bones, the disease is called "Multiple myeloma." This disease may also harm other tissues and organs such as the kidneys. Myeloma cells make antibodies called M proteins and other proteins. These proteins can collect in the blood, urine and organs.



Symptoms of Multiple Myeloma

The most common symptoms of Multiple myeloma include the following:

• bone pain in the back, ribs or other bones

• fatigue

• anemia

• unexplained bone fractures

• sleepiness

• excessive thirst and urination

• constipation

• loss of appetite

Multiple myeloma is sometimes found as part of routine blood or urine tests that show the presence of an abnormal myeloma protein called monoclonal (M) protein. This protein is also sometimes called Bence Jones protein. Bone X-rays may show holes in the bone called lytic lesions. After blood tests and X-rays, the diagnosis is confirmed with a bone marrow aspiration and biopsy to check for the presence of plasma cells in the bone marrow.



Treatment options for Multiple Myeloma

After Multiple myeloma is diagnosed, the doctor will do more tests to find out the extent and characteristics of the myeloma cells. This process called staging helps the doctor plan the best treatment. Chromosome studies should be done on the bone marrow sample taken during the bone marrow aspiration. There are three primary treatments for patients with Multiple myeloma: chemotherapy, radiation therapy, biological therapy. Bone marrow transplantation, surgery and plasmapheresis may also be used in certain cases.

Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy drugs for multiple myeloma are usually given by mouth, but they can be injected into a vein or muscle. Chemotherapy is a systemic treatment, meaning that the drugs flow through the bloodstream to nearly every part of the body to kill cancerous cells. It is generally given in cycles: a treatment period is followed by a recovery period, then another treatment period, and so on.

Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy is the use of high-energy x-rays to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. Radiation for multiple myeloma usually comes from a machine outside the body (external-beam radiation therapy). It is usually used when myeloma has not responded to chemotherapy and the patient is experiencing serious symptoms caused by damage to the bones.

Biological Therapy: Biological therapy tries to get the body to fight cancer. It uses materials made by the body or made in a laboratory to boost, direct or restore the body's natural defenses against disease. Biological therapy is sometimes called biological response modifier (BRM) therapy or immunotherapy. Two immunotherapy drugs sometimes used for Multiple myeloma are thalidomide and interferon. Thalidomide inhibits the growth of blood vessels to tumor cells, thus slowing the growth of the cells. Interferon is used to prolong the remission of myeloma by slowing the growth of myeloma cells.

Bone Marrow Transplant: A bone marrow transplant is a treatment in which a patient's diseased bone marrow is replaced with healthy bone marrow. It is often used in combination with high doses of chemotherapy. After chemotherapy is given, healthy stem cells are transplanted into the patient to replace the marrow destroyed by the chemotherapy drugs.

Recovery post treatment of Multiple Myeloma

Regular follow up is very important during the Mutiple myeloma recovery process. Checkups generally include a physical exam, x-rays and blood and urine tests. Regular follow up exams help doctors detect and treat problems promptly if they should arise or there is a recurrence of multiple myeloma. It is also important for the patient to tell the doctor about any new Multiple myeloma symptoms or problems that develop between checkups. The complications of multiple myeloma can affect many parts of the body. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy often can help control complications such as pain, bone damage and kidney problems. However, from time to time, most patients need additional treatment to manage these and other problems caused by the disease. This type of treatment called supportive care is given to improve patients comfort and quality of life. Patients with multiple myeloma frequently have pain caused by bone damage or by tumors pressing on nerves. Doctors often suggest that patients take pain medicine and/or wear a back or neck brace to help relieve their pain. Some patients find that techniques such as relaxation and imagery can reduce their pain.



Why India?



Treatment of Multiple myeloma in India is provided at hospitals that are a part of an integrated world-class healthcare facility and endeavor to go beyond the expected and deliver the most positive experience to each of patients. The success rate of cancer surgery in India is very good. This surgical treatment in India doesn't affect the quality standard of treatment. Medical tourism in India has specific programs carefully designed to attract international travelers. To get more info on treatment of Multiple myeloma in India visit us at; http://www.forerunnershealthcare.com or mail your queries at enquiry@forerunnershealthcare.com or you may call on +91-9371136499, +91-9860755000.


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